# 安装配置

houdunren.com @ 向军大叔

I3 是多容器管理器

“i3 linux”的图片搜索结果

下面是常用LINUX发行版本安装

ubuntu

sudo apt install i3

Manjaro

sudo pacman -S i3

# 软件配置

~/.config/i3/config 为i3的配置文件,$mod为前缀键默认为window键

下面是向军大叔定制的一些配置项

#边框宽度
default_border pixel 1
#边框切换
bindsym $mod+u border toggle
#容器水平或垂直拆分模式
bindsym $mod+q split toggle
# 设置$mod为Mod4,即<Win>键,Mod1为<Alt>键
set $mod Mod4 

# 快捷键

向军大叔将窗口的移动切换改成了vim布局,下面有部分快捷键就是改后的快捷键,最后我也放出的我使用的完整配置文件。

# 基础控制

快捷键 说明
$mod + Shift + q 结束当前窗口的进程
$mod + Shift + E 退出 i3
$mod + Shift + C 当场重新加载 i3config, 无需重启
$mod + Shift + R 根据新配置重启 i3
$mod + D 启动 dmenu

# 布局控制

快捷键 说明
$mod + Enter 启动虚拟终端
$mod + A 焦点转义到父窗口上
$mod + S 堆叠布局
$mod + W 标签布局
$mod + E 默认布局
$mod + Shift + SpaceBar 窗口在平铺式/浮动式转换

# 工作区

使用工作空间是分组归类一堆窗口的好方法

快捷键 说明
$mod+数字键 切换到其他workspace

# 窗口管理

快捷键 说明
$mod + n 水平分割窗口
$mod + V 垂直分割窗口
$mod+q 直分割窗口
$mod + Shift + h 窗口左移
$mod + Shift + j 窗口下移
$mod + Shift + k 窗口上移
$mod + Shift + l 窗口右移
$mod+ Shift + 工作区数字 移动窗口到工作区
$mod + r 调整窗口大小
$mod +a 聚焦到父容器,用于相对父容器切换窗口

# 浮动窗口

浮动窗口一直处于平铺窗口的上方

快捷键 说明
$mod + Shift+space 切换窗口的浮动模式
$mod + 鼠标 移动窗口

# 焦点控制

快捷键 说明
$mod + h 焦点往左窗口移
$mod + j 焦点往下窗口移
$mod + k 焦点往上窗口移
$mod + l 焦点往右窗口移

# 基础控制

快捷键 说明
$mod + Shift + q 结束当前窗口的进程
$mod + Shift + E 退出 i3
$mod + Shift + C 当场重新加载 i3config, 无需重启
$mod + Shift + R 根据新配置重启 i3
$mod + D 启动 dmenu

# 常用插件

# dmenu

使用 $mod+d 快速搜索软件

sudo pacman -S dmenu

# 配置文件

下面是我使用的配置文件,主要就是把窗口切换改成了VIM布局

#边框宽度
default_border pixel 1

#边框切换
bindsym $mod+u border toggle

#容器水平或垂直拆分模式
bindsym $mod+q split toggle


# This file has been auto-generated by i3-config-wizard(1).
# It will not be overwritten, so edit it as you like.
#
# Should you change your keyboard layout some time, delete
# this file and re-run i3-config-wizard(1).
#

# i3 config file (v4)
#
# Please see https://i3wm.org/docs/userguide.html for a complete reference!

set $mod Mod1

# Font for window titles. Will also be used by the bar unless a different font
# is used in the bar {} block below.
font pango:monospace 8

# This font is widely installed, provides lots of unicode glyphs, right-to-left
# text rendering and scalability on retina/hidpi displays (thanks to pango).
#font pango:DejaVu Sans Mono 8

# The combination of xss-lock, nm-applet and pactl is a popular choice, so
# they are included here as an example. Modify as you see fit.

# xss-lock grabs a logind suspend inhibit lock and will use i3lock to lock the
# screen before suspend. Use loginctl lock-session to lock your screen.
exec --no-startup-id xss-lock --transfer-sleep-lock -- i3lock --nofork

# NetworkManager is the most popular way to manage wireless networks on Linux,
# and nm-applet is a desktop environment-independent system tray GUI for it.
exec --no-startup-id nm-applet

# Use pactl to adjust volume in PulseAudio.
set $refresh_i3status killall -SIGUSR1 i3status
bindsym XF86AudioRaiseVolume exec --no-startup-id pactl set-sink-volume @DEFAULT_SINK@ +10% && $refresh_i3status
bindsym XF86AudioLowerVolume exec --no-startup-id pactl set-sink-volume @DEFAULT_SINK@ -10% && $refresh_i3status
bindsym XF86AudioMute exec --no-startup-id pactl set-sink-mute @DEFAULT_SINK@ toggle && $refresh_i3status
bindsym XF86AudioMicMute exec --no-startup-id pactl set-source-mute @DEFAULT_SOURCE@ toggle && $refresh_i3status

# Use Mouse+$mod to drag floating windows to their wanted position
floating_modifier $mod

# start a terminal
bindsym $mod+Return exec i3-sensible-terminal

# kill focused window
bindsym $mod+Shift+q kill

# start dmenu (a program launcher)
bindsym $mod+d exec dmenu_run
# There also is the (new) i3-dmenu-desktop which only displays applications
# shipping a .desktop file. It is a wrapper around dmenu, so you need that
# installed.
# bindsym $mod+d exec --no-startup-id i3-dmenu-desktop

# change focus
bindsym $mod+h focus left
bindsym $mod+j focus down
bindsym $mod+k focus up
bindsym $mod+l focus right

# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:
bindsym $mod+Left focus left
bindsym $mod+Down focus down
bindsym $mod+Up focus up
bindsym $mod+Right focus right

# move focused window
bindsym $mod+Shift+j move left
bindsym $mod+Shift+k move down
bindsym $mod+Shift+l move up
bindsym $mod+Shift+semicolon move right

# alternatively, you can use the cursor keys:
bindsym $mod+Shift+h move left
bindsym $mod+Shift+j move down
bindsym $mod+Shift+k move up
bindsym $mod+Shift+l move right

# split in horizontal orientation
bindsym $mod+n split h

# split in vertical orientation
bindsym $mod+v split v

# enter fullscreen mode for the focused container
bindsym $mod+f fullscreen toggle

# change container layout (stacked, tabbed, toggle split)
bindsym $mod+s layout stacking
bindsym $mod+w layout tabbed
bindsym $mod+e layout toggle split

# toggle tiling / floating
bindsym $mod+Shift+space floating toggle

# change focus between tiling / floating windows
bindsym $mod+space focus mode_toggle

# focus the parent container
bindsym $mod+a focus parent

# focus the child container
#bindsym $mod+d focus child

# Define names for default workspaces for which we configure key bindings later on.
# We use variables to avoid repeating the names in multiple places.
set $ws1 "1"
set $ws2 "2"
set $ws3 "3"
set $ws4 "4"
set $ws5 "5"
set $ws6 "6"
set $ws7 "7"
set $ws8 "8"
set $ws9 "9"
set $ws10 "10"

# switch to workspace
bindsym $mod+1 workspace number $ws1
bindsym $mod+2 workspace number $ws2
bindsym $mod+3 workspace number $ws3
bindsym $mod+4 workspace number $ws4
bindsym $mod+5 workspace number $ws5
bindsym $mod+6 workspace number $ws6
bindsym $mod+7 workspace number $ws7
bindsym $mod+8 workspace number $ws8
bindsym $mod+9 workspace number $ws9
bindsym $mod+0 workspace number $ws10

# move focused container to workspace
bindsym $mod+Shift+1 move container to workspace number $ws1
bindsym $mod+Shift+2 move container to workspace number $ws2
bindsym $mod+Shift+3 move container to workspace number $ws3
bindsym $mod+Shift+4 move container to workspace number $ws4
bindsym $mod+Shift+5 move container to workspace number $ws5
bindsym $mod+Shift+6 move container to workspace number $ws6
bindsym $mod+Shift+7 move container to workspace number $ws7
bindsym $mod+Shift+8 move container to workspace number $ws8
bindsym $mod+Shift+9 move container to workspace number $ws9
bindsym $mod+Shift+0 move container to workspace number $ws10

# reload the configuration file
bindsym $mod+Shift+c reload
# restart i3 inplace (preserves your layout/session, can be used to upgrade i3)
bindsym $mod+Shift+r restart
# exit i3 (logs you out of your X session)
bindsym $mod+Shift+e exec "i3-nagbar -t warning -m 'You pressed the exit shortcut. Do you really want to exit i3? This will end your X session.' -B 'Yes, exit i3' 'i3-msg exit'"

# resize window (you can also use the mouse for that)
mode "resize" {
        # These bindings trigger as soon as you enter the resize mode

        # Pressing left will shrink the window’s width.
        # Pressing right will grow the window’s width.
        # Pressing up will shrink the window’s height.
        # Pressing down will grow the window’s height.
        bindsym j resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym k resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym l resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym semicolon resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt

        # same bindings, but for the arrow keys
        bindsym Left resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym Down resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym Up resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt
        bindsym Right resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt

        # back to normal: Enter or Escape or $mod+r
        bindsym Return mode "default"
        bindsym Escape mode "default"
        bindsym $mod+r mode "default"
}

bindsym $mod+r mode "resize"

# Start i3bar to display a workspace bar (plus the system information i3status
# finds out, if available)
bar {
        status_command i3status
}